STUDY QUESTIONS IN EPIDEMIOLOGY AND PUBLIC HEALTH

Spread the love
  1. Define epidemiology.
  2. Describe briefly the contribution of “Mary Mallon” in the development of the field of epidemiology.
  3. Briefly describe the history of epidemiology.
  4. Succinctly describe observational epidemiological study.
  5. With examples describe descriptive epidemiological study.
  6. Differentiate case report from case series as it applies to epidemiological study
  7. Describe the medical significance of retrospective epidemiological studies.
  8. What is odd ratio (OD)?
  9. Enumerate the advantages and disadvantages of retrospective epidemiological studies.
  10. Define a cohort epidemiological study.
  11. What is relative risk (RR) as it applies to epidemiological study?
  12. Mathematically express attributable risk.
  13. Outline the merits and demerits of prospective studies.
  14. Briefly explain cross-sectional epidemiological study and its significance in clinical medicine.
  15. Enumerate the advantages and disadvantages of cross-sectional epidemiological studies.
  16. When does ecological fallacy or bias occur in an epidemiological study?
  17. Briefly describe ecological epidemiological studies and state its advantages and disadvantages. 
  18. Outline the sources of “cases” and “controls” for epidemiological studies.
  19. Describe the medical significance of experimental epidemiological studies.
  20. What is a placebo?
  21. Outline the uses of experimental epidemiological studies.
  22. Diagrammatically describe the epidemiological triad or triangle; and explain its medical significance in disease development and spread.
  23. Briefly describe the environmental factors that influence disease development and spread.
  24. Describe the host factors that influence disease development and spread in a community.
  25. Define statistics and briefly explain its significance in the study of epidemiology.
  26. How can immunity to a pathogen by a large proportion of the population protect the non-immune members of the population from acquiring a disease?
  27. Different primary data from secondary data as it applies to statistical analysis.
  28. What is public health?
  29. Define health determinants and state their significance in disease spread and development.
  30. Explain the medical significance of quarantine in disease control and prevention.
  31. What is disease surveillance? 
  32. Define an outbreak.
  33. Differentiate between antigenic shift and antigenic drift.
  34. Who is a convalescent carrier?
  35. What is the convalescent period of a disease?
  36. Define mortality and morbidity.
  37. Explain the terms incidence and prevalence as they apply to disease occurrence in a community.
  38. What are health indicators?
  39. Describe endemic diseases, epidemic diseases, pandemic diseases and sporadic diseases using suitable examples.
  40. Define zoonosis and briefly explain its medical significance in the development and spread of infectious diseases in a particular community.
  41. Briefly describe the terms virulence, pathogen, pathogenicity and infection.
  42. What are opportunistic pathogens?
  43. Using suitable examples describe notifiable diseases and state their medical public health importance.
  44. Explain the terms signs, symptoms, and syndromes as they apply to infectious diseases.
  45. Describe the terms carrier, reservoir, and infectivity period of a disease.
  46. What is herd immunity?
  47. Enumerate the ways of controlling and preventing zoonotic infections in human population.
  48. Describe nosocomial infections and give examples of such infections caused by bacteria and fungi.
  49. Describe in detail the characteristics of an infectious disease agent.  
  50. What is the difference between emerging and re-emerging diseases?
  51. Will herd immunity work for diseases that have a common source such as water? Why or why not?
  52. Describe the major medical and public health measures developed in the twentieth century that were instrumental for controlling the spread of infectious diseases in developed countries.
  53. List with brief explanation five most common causes of mortality due to infectious diseases throughout the world. Are any of these diseases preventable by immunization? Explain.
  54. Explain the difference between chronic carrier and acute carrier of an infectious disease.
  55. Give example of host-to-host transmission of disease via direct contact and indirect host-to-host transmission of disease via vector agents and fomites. 
  56. Travelling to developing countries increases some exposure to infectious diseases. What general precautions should you take before, during and after visits to developing countries when you return from a foreign country to avoid the contraction and spread of infectious diseases?
  57. What is remote sensing?
  58. Describe briefly the importance of remote sensing and geographical information system (GIS) in the containment of infectious diseases.
  59. What is bioterrorism?
  60. Describe the terms chemical weapons, biological weapons, biosurveillance and biological warfare.
  61. Enumerate the features of microbes used for biological warfare.
  62. Write a short note on the different category of biological agents used for bioterrorism and give suitable examples of each category.
  63. Describe in detail the different modes of transmission or delivery of biological/chemical weapons of mass destruction.  
  64. What does the biohazard sign signifies?
  65. Succinctly describe how bioterrorism can be controlled, managed and prevented.
  66. Define public health.
  67. Succinctly explain the importance or task of public health personnel in disease tracking and control and prevention of infectious diseases in the general public.
  68. Outline the major functions of public health personnel’s. 
  69. With suitable examples describe infectious diseases of poverty (IDP).
  70. What is parasitology?
  71. Differentiate between a parasite and a host.
  72. What is parasitism?
  73. Define reservoir host, definitive host and intermediate host.
  74. Outline the morphological form, group of protozoan, host and disease caused by Ascaris lumbricoides.
  75. What are the causative agents of Clonorchiasis and Dracunculiasis?
  76. Outline the morphological form, group of protozoan, host and disease caused by Isospora belli.
  77. What is the causative agent of loiasis?
  78. Outline the group of protozoan, host, morphological form and disease caused by Paragonimus westermani.
  79. Enumerate the hosts of Toxoplasma gondii.
  80. What is the causative organism of Trichuriasis?
  81. What are the reasons that encourage the outbreak or high frequency of parasitic infections/diseases in tropical and subtropical countries?
  82. Define vectors.
  83. Enumerate the four strains and/or species of Plasmodium that causes malaria in man.
  84. Outline other species of Plasmodium that causes diseases in rodents.
  85. Describe in details the pathogenesis of Plasmodium parasite.
  86. In which host does the sporogonic stage of Plasmodium occur?
  87. What are the three major invasive forms of the Plasmodium parasite?
  88. Differentiate between the asexual stage and asexual stage of the Plasmodium parasite.
  89. Define splenomegaly, hepatomegaly and myalgia.
  90. Succinctly describe the signs and symptoms of Plasmodium infection in man.
  91. Enumerate the likely factors that affect the diagnosis of malaria infection in man.
  92. What is the clinical significance of thin blood smear and thick blood smear as it relates to the malaria diagnosis?
  93. Describe in details the life cycle of mosquito, and use suitable diagram to illustrate the mosquito life cycle.     
  94. What are the classification, transmission, pathology, symptoms, treatment and prevention of Plasmodium infection?
  95. Differentiate between microgametocytes and macrogametocytes.
  96. Succinctly describe the environmental factors that aid the transmission of Plasmodium infection.
  97. Enumerate some of the ways that Plasmodium infection can best be controlled and prevented in a human population.
  98. What is leishmaniasis?
  99. Outline and briefly describe the three clinical forms of leishmaniasis.
  100. Mention and describe the two morphological forms of Leishmania parasite.
  101. Write a short note on the vector, reservoir host and habitat of Leishmania parasite.
  102. Briefly describe the treatment and control and prevention measures of leishmaniasis.
  103. What is the causative agent of giardiasis?
  104. Briefly describe the pathogenesis of Giardia lamblia infection.
  105. What are the clinical signs and symptoms of giardiasis?
  106. Outline the reservoir hosts of G. lamblia.
  107. How can giardiasis be treated, controlled and prevented in a defined human population?
  108. What is Dracunculiasis?
  109. Write a short note on the reservoir host of the causative agent of Dracunculiasis.
  110. Briefly describe the clinical signs and symptoms of Dracunculiasis.
  111. What is another name for Dracunculiasis?
  112. Briefly describe the treatment, control and preventive measures of Dracunculiasis.
  113. What is toxoplasmosis?
  114. Mention the definitive host of the causative agent of toxoplasmosis, and state the family of the definitive host mentioned.
  115. Describe the four major forms of toxoplasmosis in humans.
  116. Briefly describe how toxoplasmosis is treated, controlled and prevented in human population.
  117. Using suitable causative agents briefly describe sleeping sickness.
  118. What is the causative agent of Chagas disease?
  119. Describe in details the vector, reservoir host and habitat of the causative agent of African trypanosomiasis.
  120. What is the major clinical implication of sleeping sickness in humans?
  121. How can sleeping sickness infection be controlled and prevented?
  122. Describe the vector, reservoir host and habitat of the causative agent of American trypanosomiasis.
  123. How can Chagas disease be prevented and controlled in human population?
  124. Write a short note on schistosomiasis while mentioning its causative agents.
  125. What are the clinical signs and symptoms of schistosomiasis?
  126. Briefly describe the vector, reservoir host and habitat of the causative agents of schistosomiasis.
  127. What is Katayama fever?  
  128. Describe taeniasis using its causative agents, vector, reservoir host and habitat.
  129. How does Taenia solium differ from Taenia saginata?
  130. Define cysticercosis.
  131. What re the clinical signs and symptoms of taeniasis?
  132. Write a short note on the treatment, control and prevention of taeniasis.
  133. What is amebiasis?
  134. Briefly describe the vector, reservoir host, habitat and the clinical signs and symptoms of amebic dysentery.
  135. Describe the control and prevention measures of amebiasis.
  136. What is the causative agent of cyclosporiasis?
  137. Describe the vector, reservoir host, habitat and clinical signs and symptoms of cyclosporiasis.
  138. Write a short note on the treatment, control and prevention of cyclosporiasis.
  139. Define lymphatic filariasis and enumerate its causative agents.
  140. What are the vectors, reservoir host and habitat of the causative agents of the causative agents of lymphatic filariasis?
  141. What is calabar swelling?
  142. Describe the clinical signs and symptoms of loiasis.
  143. What are the vector, reservoir host and habitat of the causative agent of loiasis? 
  144. Define enterobiasis.
  145. Mention two other names for the causative agent of enterobiasis.
  146. Briefly describe the pathogenesis of Enterobius vermicularis infection.
  147. What is paragonimiasis?
  148. Outline the causative agents of paragonimiasis.
  149. Mention two other names for flatworms.
  150. Describe the clinical signs and symptoms of paragonimiasis.
  151. Briefly explain the vector, reservoir host and habitat of the causative agent of paragonimiasis.
  152. How can paragonimiasis be controlled and prevented in humans.
  153. What is river blindness?
  154. What is the vector for Onchocercia volvulus transmission in man?
  155. How can onchocerciasis be controlled and prevented in humans?
  156. Describe trichinellosis based on its causative agent, reservoir host, vector and clinical signs and symptoms of the disease.
  157. Define hookworm infections and mention the two main causative agents implicated in the disease.
  158. Briefly describe the vector and/or definitive host of hookworm and its habitat.
  159. How can hookworm infection be controlled and prevented in human population?
  160. Define ascariasis and mention its causative agent.
  161. Briefly describe the vector, reservoir host and habitat of the causative agent of ascariasis.
  162. Succinctly explain the pathogenesis of ascariasis and mention its clinical signs and symptoms.
  163. Define trichomoniasis and enumerate its causative agents.
  164. Trichomoniasis is a sexually transmitted disease (STD) of man caused by a protozoan. Explain this fact and describe the clinical signs and symptoms of the disease in man and women.
  165.   Briefly describe isosporiasis based on its causative agent, reservoir host, habitat, clinical signs and symptoms and how the disease can be controlled and prevented in humans.
https://www.microbiologyclass.com

Be the first to comment

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published.


*