BASIS OF CELL CULTURE AND AREAS THAT ENCOURAGED THE DEVELOPMENT OF CELL CULTURE TECHNIQUES

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Cell culture as a molecular and biomedical science technique would not have fully developed if not for some key innovations that allowed its application in many research laboratories and industries today.

  • Development of antibiotics: The use of antibiotics in cell culture techniques has helped to prevent many microbial contamination that plagued earlier cell culture attempts.
  • Development of techniques that allowed the use of proteolytic enzymes such as trypsin. Trypsin helps to remove cells from cell culture vessels or flasks.  
  • Development of standardized chemically defined growth media which made it easier to culture cells in vitro. DMEM is universally used as growth medium for cell culture technique.
  • The development of laminar flow cabinet or hood. The hood provides sterile environment for undertaking cell culture experimentations. It also protects the environment and the researcher from potential contamination.  
  • The development of powdered tissue culture media, glass culture flasks and improved filtration techniques and products.

BASIS FOR A SUCCESSFUL CELL CULTURE

Having a cell culture without any form of contamination is paramount in the cell culture laboratory. Such success is usually achieved when the laid down principles and aseptic techniques for undertaking a cell culture procedure are conscientiously followed. A successful cell culture technique depends on a number of factors. 

  • The quality of cell lines you are working with.
  • The quality of reagents and cell culture media used.
  • The aseptic technique used.
  • The quality of the laboratory equipment used and their operation.
  • The experience of the researcher.

When these factors are met and made available prior to undertaking cell culture experimentation, it is expected that the cell culture technique will be successful.

Further reading

Cooper G.M and Hausman R.E (2004). The cell: A Molecular Approach. Third edition. ASM Press.

Das H.K (2010). Textbook of Biotechnology. Fourth edition. Wiley edition. Wiley India Pvt, Ltd, New Delhi, India.

Davis J.M (2002). Basic Cell Culture, A Practical Approach. Oxford University Press, Oxford, UK. 

Mather J and Barnes D (1998). Animal cell culture methods, Methods in cell biology. 2rd eds, Academic press, San Diego.

Noguchi P (2003).  Risks and benefits of gene therapy.  N  Engl J Med, 348:193-194.

Sambrook, J., Russell, D.W. (2001). Molecular Cloning: a Laboratory Manual, 3rd edn. Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory Press, New York.

Tamarin Robert H (2002). Principles of Genetics. Seventh edition. Tata McGraw-Hill Publishing Co Ltd, Delhi.     

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